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Why Your Hair Is Falling Out And How To Stop It

Rule number one: don't freak out.
PHOTO: istockphoto

Hair shedding is a part of every day life, yes it clogs up your shower drain, and yes, it means you have to vacuum every other day or your floor will be filled fallen strands. But the fact is, hair loss is totally normal.

On average we lose around 80 strands a day, if you begin to shed significantly more than that or you notice they aren't growing back, well, that's when things start to get serious.

The thing is, when it comes to hair loss there are so many potential triggers, which means it can be tricky to pinpoint the exact reason why your strands are falling out, and henceforth, how to remedy the situation.


We spoke to Anabel Kingsley, a leading Trichologist at the Philip Kingsley Clinic in London, to help break down the possible reasons why you're losing hair.

First things first, Anabel explained that hair loss is a very common problem for women—much more so that people realize. "Research shows that at least one in three women will suffer from hair loss or reduced hair volume at some point in their lifetime." So if you are losing strands, it's important not to freak out, your mane will recover. In the meantime, here's everything you need to know:

Firstly, there are different types of hair loss, genetic and reactive.

Genetic:

There's a chance you're genetically predisposed to hair thinning, which means you may see a progressive, gradual reduction in hair volume. "In these instances, certain hair follicles are sensitive to male hormones–and this sensitivity causes follicles to gradually shrink and produce slightly finer and shorter hairs with each passing hair growth cycle." Explains Anabel.

Reactive:

This means your hair loss is the result of a trigger. "Excessive daily hair shedding (which is know as telogen effluvium) is not reliant on having a genetic predisposition, it occurs as the result of an internal imbalance or upset, such as a nutritional deficiency, severe stress, crash dieting or an illness" says Anabel.



These are 7 most common triggers of hair loss:

1. Hormonal imbalance

A hormonal imbalance can lead to multitude of annoying AF health and beauty issues, from adult acne to weight gain. If your hormones are out of whack the effects will radiate throughout the whole body, and of course, that includes your hair.

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"Hormones play a huge role in regulating the hair growth cycle," explains Anabel. "Estrogens (female hormones) are 'hair friendly' and help to keep hairs in their growth phase for the optimal length of time. Androgens (male hormones) are not very hair friendly, and can shorten the hair growth cycle."

"An excess of androgens (which could be caused by an endocrine disorder, such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) can cause hair loss. The extent of this is often down to genes. If you have a genetic predisposition to follicle sensitivity, a hormonal imbalance can affect your hair more than it would someone who does not have a predisposition."

2. Stress

It's no myth that excess stress can literally make your hair fall out. How does this happen? Well, it can raise androgen (male hormone) levels, which in turn can causes hair loss. "Stress may also trigger scalp problems, such as dandruff, disrupt eating habits and mess with the digestive system–all of which can have a negative impact on hair," says Anabel.



3. Iron deficiency/anemia

"One of the most common causes of hair loss in women is an iron deficiency. Iron is essential for producing hair cell protein." Without it, your strands will suffer.

4. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism

"The thyroid gland helps to regulate the body's metabolism by controlling the production of proteins and tissue use of oxygen. Any thyroid imbalance can therefore affect hair follicles," Anabel explains. Also, if hypothyroidism is left untreated it may result in anemia, which, as we've just discussed, is another condition that can impact the hair (or lack of it).

5. Vitamin B12 deficiency

A lack of vitamin B12 can leave you feeling tired and low on energy, sound familiar? Well, the fun doesn't stop there, it can also take it's toll on your hair.

"Vitamin B12 deficiency often causes hair loss as it can affect the health of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to your tissues," says Anabel. "It's most common in vegans as you can only obtain B12 through animal proteins."

6. Dramatic weight loss

A steep drop on the scales can impact your tresses, "Six to 12 weeks after dramatic weight loss, whether it be intentional or unintentional, hair commonly comes out in excess," says Anabel.

"While our hair is incredibly important to us psychologically, physiologically it is non-essential; we could survive without it with no detriment to our physical health. This means that any nutritional deficiency often first shows up in our hair." Yet another reason to avoid crash dieting and instead try to adopt a healthy, balanced lifestyle.

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7. Age

If you're going through or about to enter the menopause, changes in your body may also have an effect on your hair. "Hair loss becomes more prevalent leading up to and after the menopause," reveals Anabel. That being said, "It's important to realize that our hair ages, and as we get older, hair naturally gets finer. It's a totally normal part of the aging process."



And here's what you can do to fix it:

Recognize the problem

Hair loss doesn't happen fast, our strands grow in cycles, which means it can take up to three months for hair to fall out after a trigger has caused it. "If you notice excessive daily hair shedding for longer than three months, see a trichologist or your GP [general physician], there could be an underlying factor that needs to be addressed," Anabel advises. "Very importantly, try not to panic. Telogen effluvium (excessive shedding) is almost always self-eliminating and hair will start to grow back as usual once any internal imbalance is put right."

Change up your diet

1. Get more protein.

"Hair is made of protein, making adequate daily intake of protein rich foods essential. Include at least a palm sized portion of protein at breakfast and lunch (approx. 120g in weight)." Anabel recommends.

2. Complex carbohydrates are essential.

"They provide our hair with the energy it needs to grow. Snack on a healthy carbohydrates (fresh fruit, crudité or whole wheat crackers) if longer than four hours is left between meals; as energy available to hair cells drops after this amount of time."