A global study done by researchers at the University of New South Wales in Australia has revealed that "the gap between men and women is closing rapidly when it comes to alcohol use and subsequent alcohol-related complications."
"Researchers looked at 68 studies from across the world, studying four million people born from 1891 to 2000 to examine changing trends in alcohol use in men and women," explains the BBC.
For those born in the early 1900s, men were:
1. More than twice (2.2 times) as likely as women to drink alcohol
2. Three times as likely to drink to problematic levels
3. More than thrice (3.6 times) as likely to develop health problems from drinking, such as liver cirrhosis
However, over the ensuing decades, these trends came to light. Men were:
1. More than once (1.1 times) as likely as women to drink alcohol
2. More than once (1.2 times) as likely to drink to problematic levels
3. More than once (1.3 times) as likely to develop health problems from drinking
In light of these findings, the authors of the study were quoted as saying, "Alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders have historically been viewed as a male phenomenon. The present study calls this assumption into question and suggests that young women, in particular, should be the target of concerted efforts to reduce the impact of substance use and related harms."
Meanwhile, the BBC report also quoted Prof. Mark Petticrew, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, who said: "Health professionals need to help the public—both men and women—to understand the health risks of alcohol consumption, and how to reduce those risks."