Fried chicken sparks joy for Filipinos, especially when it comes with lots of gravy. It's a constant—whether the economy is booming or on life suport because of a pandemic. There are baskets and barrels for parties but for the solo diner, why is two pieces the maximum order?
One answer lies in the late 1990s. At that time, Southeast Asian currencies crashed, ending the Philippines' tiger economy dreams and squeezing consumers' wallets. Fast food rivals Jollibee and McDonald's saw an opportunity: Offer value meals, said Jonathan Ravelas, chief market strategist at BDO Unibank. "Food companies were looking to make money and consumers were looking to save money," Jonathan told reportr. The winning formula was a product that sells fast and in large enough quantities to make up for low margins.
The Value Meal Magic
Before the Value Meals and McSavers, consumers had to order their burger, fries, chicken and drinks separately. The cheapest value meal at that time, the simplest burger with a small fries and small Coke, cost just P29. Chicken meals with rice and drinks were offered two ways—one piece or two pieces.
One-piece chicken is an everyday meal, fuel for lunch or dinner in short. It's not special until it's two pieces. A two-piece chicken meal signals a personal celebration, a payday, a good day at work, or a pick-me-up after a bad day, Ravelas said. A two-piece chicken meal makes the diner feel well off. "Ang lakas maka-mayaman ng feeling. For ordinary Pinoys, when they get a two-piece order, parang wow. One piece is normal, budget levels," YouTube chef and restaurateur Tatung Sarthou told reportr.
Why can restaurants like Pancake House offer a three-piece chicken meal? It's not a place consumers go to as often as Jollibee or McDonald's, Jonathan said. When it opened, Pancake House was marketed as a date place before it became a family restaurant. Three pieces is for sharing, he said. For those with large appetites, Tatung said his restaurants offer diners the option to order an extra piece of chicken on top of their two-piece set.
It's a chicken economy.
How Filipinos consume their chicken is indicative of the health of the economy, Jonathan said. Max's Fried Chicken was born out of the Philippines' rebuilding from World War II. The hard times of the 1980s gave rise to Andok's and Baliwag Lechon Manok. How many movies made in the decade had birthday party scenes with charred chicken on the table?
The 1990s gave rise to the chicken value meal. The succeeding decade saw the rise of Mang Inasal, which lured diners with unlimited rice and chicken oil to go with their leg or breast barbecue. Before the pandemic, KFC attracted world news coverage for its experiments like Chizza or pizza with a chicken fillet crust.
"Through the years, chicken has been part of our economy. It's a gauge of the economy," Jonathan said. "It's our comfort food." Fried chicken is among the most enduring items on the fast food menu. Take Jollibee, it phased out its signature big burger Champ and experimented with pineapples and bacon with its smaller burgers but the Chickenjoy remains the same.
A two-piece fried chicken meal packs 750 to 1,000 calories, roughly half of the recommended allowance based on a 2,000-calorie diet—that excludes rice, gravy, and sides like mashed potatoes and mac and cheese. The crispy skin makes it both sinful and delicious. A former president once told the press corps over a farewell lunch, "What's the point of eating chicken if you're not going to eat the skin?"
What are you ordering next?
The pandemic will surely change how Filipinos eat chicken and how much of it they will eat, Jonathan said. Food vendors who adapt with consumers' need to stay at home will survive. Otherwise, people will just look for food hacks on YouTube and recreate their favorites at home to avoid getting sick, he said. "The landscape is changing. There are food that you can eat at home and food that you can't eat at home," he said. Japanese food, for example, doesn't hold well in delivery. That tempura just can't stay crisp.
Food vendors, if they capture the consumers' taste, are poised to ride a K-shaped recovery from the recession, Jonathan said. It's shaped like a K because sectors like telco and food will benefit from stay-at-home orders. On the flipside, aviation and tourism are poised for more tough times. "That's when you need to put the changemaker's playbook to work. First, you think of survival, then, how long you can survive and how," he said.