Soon, women may be able to share the responsibility of taking the Pill with men since scientists at the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy have revealed they are fine-tuning a male contraceptive pill.
When the female pill became available in 1960s it ushered in a new freedom for women, and today 17.5 percent of ladies between 15 and 44 use it as their main form of contraception. But there are still some women who are unable to take it on health grounds, including those with high blood pressure, those that are breast-feeding, or those with previous heart conditions.
Scientists need to consider a number of factors before the pill can be released to the public. Research team leader Gunda Georg revealed it must not lower sex drive, it must be safe to take for long periods (i.e. years), and must be reversible in case a man wants kids at some point (the pill would technically cause a man to become temporarily sterile.)
Previous attempts at making a pill that controls sperm production using testosterone have hit a stumbling block when the pill was found to have side effects for men.
"At certain doses, it (works)," Jillian Kyzer, a graduate student at the University of Minnesota. "But at those doses, it doesn't work for up to 20 percent of men, and it can cause side effects, including weight gain and a decrease in 'good' cholesterol."
It's important to note that just like the female pill, the male pill wouldn't protect against STIs, unlike condoms.
The question is, would men even sign up to take the birth control?
Well, a survey by the Telegraph of 84,000 people found that 52 percent of men said they would take a daily birth control pill if it were available.
This article originally appeared on Cosmopolitan.co.uk. Minor edits have been made by the Cosmo.ph editors.